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The right of the hungry
A Hong Kong region 3 DVD review of THE HOST / GWOEMUL

In February 2000, 58-year-old Albert McFarland, a civilian employee of the US military based in the South Korean capital of Seoul, was accused of ordering a Korean subordinate to dump 24 gallons of formaldehyde into the Han River, the prime source of drinking water for the city's twelve million inhabitants. The case prompted local outrage and protests calling for the withdrawal of American troops from South Korean soil. The US military maintained that the chemical posed no threat to public health, but environmentalists insisted that it was potentially cancer-producing and deadly to marine life. If director Bong Joon-ho's latest film is anything to go by, it may have been responsible for something else entirely.

The Host [Gwoemul] kicks off with a virtual recreation of the McFarland incident, which acts as both a pointer to one the film's underlying themes (there are several) and a prologue whose consequences we are introduced to at an unexpectedly early stage. Bong leaves it to us to connect the two incidents, relying on our knowledge of horror film history and our concerns about the effects of pesticides, chemical waste and genetic engineering to fill a narrative gap that would once have been provided by spectacled scientific characters making suppositions about terrible mutation. Yes, The Host is a monster movie, a GREAT monster movie. But it's also a whole lot more.

Hyuen-seu and Gang-du

The first three members of the family at the film's core, the Parks, are broadly but very effectively sketched in a matter of minutes. Elderly Hie-bong (played by Byeon Hie-bong) runs a small food stall located on the bank of the Han River. He's assisted by his lethargic, 30-something son Gang-du (Song Kang-ho), whose wife has long since departed, leaving him in charge of their only daughter, Hyuen-seu (Bae Du-na). Although devoted to Hyuen-seu, Gang-du is otherwise given to incompetence and extended narcolepsy, often when on duty at the food stall, a trait wonderfully introduced when his father arrives just in time to conduct a sale and has to lift his son's sleeping head off the counter and peel the coins from his cheek. Sent down to the riverside to deliver food and drink to a customer, Gang-du joins a crowd that has become intrigued by something that can be seen dangling from the nearby bridge that then drops into the river. Is it a marine animal? Hard to be sure. When Gang-du tosses a can of drink into the water and it is quickly pulled under, the other spectators quickly follow suit. This time the creature ignores the offered snacks and instead leaps out of the river and attacks the terrified and fleeing people.

Even by the let's-get-down-to-it approach of more recent Hollywood works such as War of the Worlds, The Host is surprisingly quick out of the starting gate, its monster unleashed and in full view just minutes into the main story. But Bong is not doing this to show off his creature – his relentlessly mobile camera aligns itself instead to the fleeing Gang-du and his terrified compatriots, with the creature appearing and disappearing as it runs into their line of sight, slips down the riverbank or, in a particularly neat bit of compositing, is observed from the window of a passing train. When Hyuen-seu emerges unknowingly from the family trailer, Gang-du grabs her hand and pulls her along with him, but in the general panic the two are momentarily separated and the panicking Gang-du then grasps the wrong hand, realising his mistake just too late to save Hyuen-seu from being scooped up by the creature and pulled down into the river.

At the mass funeral for those who have been killed by the creature, Gang-du is re-united with his sister Nam-joo, a national archery medallist who froze at a crucial moment during a recent competition, and brother Nam-il, a grumpy college graduate who is searching for a job and a purpose to his life. When it is revealed by the authorities that the creature is actually a host for a SARS-like infection, the entire family are quarantined at a military hospital. They've not been there long when Gang-du gets a phone call that reveals that his daughter is still alive, and the Parks become determined to find and rescue her from the sewer in which she and others are being ominously stored.

The Park family in quarantine

Now I should state up front that the title creature is a CGI creation, and although wonderfully designed and animated, the CG does show in the way that so many such effects just tend to do. But I'm prepared to swallow a lot if the surrounding meat is more than just set-dressing and that's certainly the case here. The host itself is a fascinating beast, a blend of Predator, the shark from Jaws, and the Tremors sand worms, and graced with the speed and agility when on land of an angry and overweight velociraptor crossed with an Olympic gymnast. It certainly proves solid enough to present a tangible threat and, later in the story, deliver a couple of world class jolts – this may be the first time CGI has actually made me seriously jump. Unlike films in which the monster is the sole draw, the drama is so involving and characters are so well drawn (most of the main cast were just as compelling in Bong's equally excellent Memories of Murder) that rather than look forward to the beast's next appearance you actually come to dread it. Inevitably, the creature has allegorical status, from the obvious warnings of the consequences of industrial pollution to becoming an unexpected symbol of Korea's underclass. In a narrative sidestep that is very neatly dovetailed back into the main story, a poor man takes his young son on a food raid and justifies their actions by telling the boy of so-rei, a right of the hungry; seconds later, the pair are confronted the creature, one created by man's folly and now exercising its own form of so-rei.

Humour is employed both for character engagement and as part of the film's varied emotional tapestry, which Bong weaves into the narrative with unblinking confidence, allowing the tragic to evolve into the comedic in the space of a few short seconds (the initially sad funeral that dissolves into hilariously overwrought histrionics is particularly good example). There are even gags placed purely for genre fans to savour – Bong clearly knows his horror movies and at times appears to lining up the clichés purely to shoot them down. Thus a girl who is locked out of a seemingly safe haven when the monster attacks is not eaten as expected but the only one spared when the creature bypasses her and ploughs into the shelter, while a military official who switches on the TV for one of those news broadcasts that always seem to be playing when exposition is needed is unable to find one on any channel, despite a frustrated search.

That's not to say familiar elements are excluded, but when they do appear they always feel organic to the narrative, often on more than one level. Where western horror films, for instance, repeatedly recycle the same contrivance for robbing characters of their ever-present mobile phones (no signal, somebody smashes it), Bong incorporates the ownership of such a phone into both the plot and the subtext. Young Hyuen-seu doesn't have one because her hard-up father can't yet afford to buy one for her, and the bucket of coins he has saved for this very purpose is eventually used instead to bribe an official. Further layering is provided when Gang-du uses his own phone as a stand-in for his daughter when trying to explain to disinterested officials how she could have survived being grabbed by the monster. Even the main characters initially fall wide of expectations – effecting an escape from the hospital and tooling up to search of the monster's lair, their lowly funds leave them short of equipment and they soon realise they have no idea where to start looking for Hyuen-seu. Their initially fruitless search sees them individually incapacitated by a combination of bad luck and poor foresight, while the sheer size of the Seoul sewer system surprises them in a way that, with a little reasoning, it really should not have.

Nam-joo in peril

The Host delivers in a way few monster movies have since the golden days of 1950s Hollywood genre works. With its deft blending of horror, comedy, personal drama, coupled with its socio-political and cultural subtext, it's considerably more sophisticated and satisfying than most, and I've only touched on wealth of character and allegorical detail that pack this remarkable film. There's no two ways about it – The Host is, quite simply, an absolute belter, as smart as it is entertaining and easily the best monster movie to emerge from anywhere since Alien.

sound and vision

Framed 1.78:1 and anamorphically enhanced, this is a pin-sharp transfer with excellent contrast and colour reproduction, given the minor games played with the colour palette that are almost expected in modern genre works. Black levels are perfect and compression artefacts rare. One advantage of being a film-only disc is that the bitrate is consistent high, often peaking at maximum.

The Korean DTS 5.1 track is and well mixed, the surrounds well used for location background souns and there is some effective separation of voices, sound effects and music. The bass kicks when it needs to, notably the creature's footsteps and the drumbeats of the score. An excellent track. The 5.1 is not quite as lively, but still very effective if you crank the volume up a bit. A Cantonese stereo 2.0 dub has also been included.

The English subtitles have no obvious spelling or grammar issues, though are Americanised – the coins in Gang-du's pot are described as "quarters and dimes," a currency I that was not aware was standard in Korea (but who knows, maybe this is the correct translation of another sly comment about stationed American servicemen.) The subtitles appear on all of the dialogue, including lines delivered in English.

extra features

Not a thing – you only get the movie on this disc.


A knockout movie that looks and sounds great on this Hong Kong region 3 DVD from CN Entertainment, the only down side being the complete lack of extras. The film's huge success in Korea and other Far Eastern territories has ensured that there are already a number of DVD releases available (I've counted six so far), including KD Media's 'Limited Complete Edition', a 4-disc set that includes three commentaries, a lorry-load of extra features and the soundtrack CD, though it seems unlikely the extras will be subtitled in English. CN Entertainment's release is at the other end of the scale, a lot cheaper but devoid of supplementary material. Possibly the best compromise for UK viewers not fluent in Korean is Optimum's upcoming 2-disc region 2 release, which includes its own impressive collection of extras that will be subtitled in English. The only question unanswered at present is how the picture and sound will match up, something we will be covering when it appears. If you're not bothered about extra features and have a multi-region player, then CN Entertainment's DVD can be found at about half what you'll pay for the Optimum disc, and in that respect is good value.

The Host

South Korea 2006
120 mins
Bong Joon-ho
Song Kang-ho
Byeon Hie-bong
Park Hae-il
Bae Du-na
Ko Ah-sung

DVD details
region 3 Hong Kong
1.78:1 anamorphic
Dolby 5.1 surround
DTS 5.1 surround
Dolby 2.0 stereo (Cantonese)
Korean / English
Chinese traditional
Chinese simplified
extras .

CN Entertainment
release date
Out now
review posted
16 February 2007

Related review
Memories of Murder
The Host [UK region 2 DVD]

See all of Slarek's reviews